Survey of the Gao’s temple

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The Gao’s Temple was named as ‘Guiyin Hall’ when it was built for the first time. It is located in the Shimen Village of Chizhou City, Anhui, and occupies an area of around 1,000 sqm. The temple was first built in the sixth year of the Jingtai (the era name titled by Emperor ZHU Qiyu), Ming dynasty (1455). In the nineteenth year of Jiajing Emperor, the hall was demolished and the ancestor of Gao rebuilt it as the family temple of Gaos. During the Culture Revolution of China (1966-1976), the temple suffered from heavy damages that, the boards, the scrolls, as well as the headers of the doors were destroyed. Decades later, the temple was preserved as a historical and cultural site by the local district government.

 

The temple is arranged along the south-north axis of the Shimen village, with a depth of more than 60 meters. It stretches itself along the mountain, going uphill row(进) by row. The main hall is as wide as 15m, with 136 columns supporting the structure. The temple has 7 rows(进) of houses in total, including the memorial gateway. However, the last one, the memorial hall has been collapsed for years. Therefore, only 6 rows(进) survive now. The ancestor of the Gao payed a lot of attention to choosing the site. They intentionally determined to build their family temple in front of the Old Cow shape, namely the southern foot of the Taohuashan Moutain, sitting in the north and facing the south. It is said that, the Old Cow shape represents for a god, and it is a perfect space from the perspective of Fengshui(风水).

 

石门村高氏宗祠原名“归隐堂”,位于安徽省池州市棠溪乡石门村,建筑面积约1000平方米,始建于明代景泰六年。嘉靖十九年,“归隐堂”遭毁,后人高壁重建,改为高氏宗祠。文革期间,其中的匾、长联、门楣损毁殆尽。后于2004年6月29日被池州市贵池区人民政府批准为“全区文物保护单位”。

 

石门村高氏宗祠布局在南北向的中轴线上,纵深60余米,依山就势,逐进递升。正厅最宽处达15米,136根柱子落地。连同门楼牌坊在内共有七进。最后一进享堂倒塌,现存六进。古时高氏祖宗对家宅的选址十分讲究,他们特地将家宅选在村中心的老牛形前,老牛形(即桃花扇南山岭),坐北朝南,传说是一条神牛,是一块风水宝地。